Author: Ibn Khaldun
Ibn Khaldun was a North African Muslim historiographer and historian. His "Muqaddimah" (1377) is widely viewed as one of the earliest works in the history of sociology, demography, and economics.

Human social organising is something necessary. The philosophers expressed this fact by saying: “Man is ‘political’ by nature.” That is, he cannot do without the social organisation for which the philosophers use the technical term “town” (polis). This is what civilisation means.  (More…)